Modeling carbon and nitrogen dynamics for soil management

Cover of: Modeling carbon and nitrogen dynamics for soil management |

Published by Lewis Publishers in Boca Raton, Fla .

Written in English

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Subjects:

  • Soils -- Carbon content -- Mathematical models,
  • Soils -- Nitrogen content -- Mathematical models,
  • Soil management

Edition Notes

Includes bibliographical references and index

Book details

Statementedited by M.J. Shaffer, Liwang Ma, S. Hansen
ContributionsShaffer, M. J. 1943-, Ma, Liwang, Hansen, S. 1951-
Classifications
LC ClassificationsS592.6.C35 M63 2001
The Physical Object
Pagination651 p. :
Number of Pages651
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL17014865M
ISBN 101566705290
LC Control Number00068707

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Modeling Carbon and Nitrogen Dynamics for Soil Management clarifies the confusion by presenting a systematic summary of the various models available.

It provides information about strengths and weaknesses, level of complexity, easiness of use, and application range of each model.5/5(1). Buy Modeling Carbon and Nitrogen Dynamics for Soil Management () on FREE SHIPPING on qualified orders5/5(1). Summarizing various models, this book covers things from theoretical comparison of models to application of models to soil management problems, from laboratory applications to field and.

This chapter examines current knowledge regarding modeling approaches employed to describe soil-atmosphere gaseous exchange and carbon and nitrogen dynamics in soils.

The extent to which the models. This text presents a systematic summarization of the models available to carbon and nitrogen dynamics for soil management, and provides information about the strengths and weaknesses, level of complexity, ease of use and the application range of each model.

book reviews Review of Modeling carbon and nitrogen dynamics for soil management by M. Shaffer, Liwang Ma, and S. Hansen. Measurable soil organic carbon (SOC) fractions are recommended to be used in soil organic matter (SOM) models to replace the conceptual pools in order Cited by: The model PASTIS was able to provide good simulations for the dynamics of soil water content and temperature, CO 2 emissions, residue decomposition, and N mineralization.

Simulation showed that. Modeling Carbon and Nitrogen Transformations for Adjustment of Compost Application with Nitrogen Uptake by Wheat J. Beraud Department of Soil Chemistry and Plant Nutrition, Institute of Soil, Water.

Download Citation | On May 7,M Shaffer and others published Carbon and Nitrogen Dynamics in Upland Soils | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate. The new model described in this article is an improved version of an earlier model, which was only capable of capturing nutrient dynamics in continuously ponded wetlands.

The upgraded model. New version of the biogeochemical model MAGIC developed to simulate C/N dynamics. New formulation of N retention based directly on the decomposer processes. The new formulation simulates observed changes in nitrate leaching and in soil C/N.

The model suggests progressive N saturation at sites examined. The model performance Cited by: Liwang Ma (Editor of Modeling Carbon and Nitrogen Dynamics for Soil Management) Liwang Ma is the author of Quantifying and Understanding Plant Nitrogen Uptake for Systems Modeling ( 5/5(1).

Soil Carbon and Nitrogen Dynamics. Two thirds of the carbon in the terrestrial biosphere is stored in soil, primarily as decayed organic material. Carbon cycles rapidly between the atmosphere and soil as CO 2, and soils, depending on how they are managed, represent an important source or sink of CO.

Soil Management and Climate Change: Effects on Organic Carbon, Nitrogen Dynamics, and Greenhouse Gas Emissions provides a state of the art overview of recent findings and future research challenges regarding physical, chemical and biological processes controlling soil carbon, nitrogen dynamic and greenhouse gas emissions from soils.

This book is for students and academics in soil science. Presents state of the art in modeling soil-atmosphere-climate interactions and their use for generating scenarios of unprecedented magnitude in the area of C and N cycling in terrestrial ecosystems Provides quantitative information on the bi-directional exchange of carbon and nitrogen.

Soil organic carbon dynamics in ecosystem plays a great role in global carbon cycle and global change. With development of mathematical models that simulate changes in soil organic carbon, there have been considerable advances in understanding soil organic carbon by: 7.

To this end, it is necessary to implement a new modeling approach for tracking moisture in wetland soil. Once daily soil moisture profile of wetland soil is attained, model relationships are updated to simulate geochemical reactions and track concentrations of nitrogen (N) and carbon (C) related constituents in unsaturated wetland by: 6.

Apache/ (Ubuntu) Server at Port The CENTURY model simulates the dynamics of carbon (C), nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and sulfur (S) for different plant-soil systems. The model can simulate the dynamics of grassland systems, Cited by: Simulated Interaction of Carbon Dynamics and Nitrogen Trace Gas Fluxes Using the DAYCENT Model In book: Modeling carbon and nitrogen dynamics for soil management, Publisher: Lewis.

climate mitigation effects of soil carbon sequestration. Thus, soil organic carbon management has to be closely linked to efficient nutrient management. Soils are open systems and carbon inputs via biomass, like crop residues, is the prerequisite to maintain or enhance soil carbon stocks.

The transformation pathway of carbon. An integrated model WHCNS (soil Water Heat Carbon Nitrogen Simulator) was developed to assess water and nitrogen (N) management in North China.

It included five main modules: soil water, soil Cited by:   The soil samples were air-dried and sieved through 2-mm sieves (US Standard No. 10) to separate the sample into fine and coarse fractions.

The soil texture was determined using the hydrometer method (Gee and Bauder ). The soil pH was determined using a model Cited by:   Introduction. Carbon (C) stored in forest ecosystems represents a substantial part of the global C budget. It is estimated that forest standing biomass accounts for 82–86% of above‐ground C content and forest soils contain 70–73% of the global soil organic C (soil C hereafter) (Six et al., ).Following cultivation of previously forested lands (deforestation), soil Cited by: Agricultural Water Management Modeling Carbon and Nitrogen Dynamics for Soil Management A model to predict changes in soil moisture, NO3-N content and N uptake by wheat Fertilizer Research Modeling nitrogen.

1 Introduction. Soil organic carbon (SOC) is the largest carbon pool in the terrestrial biosphere (Davidson & Janssens, ; Schmidt et al., ) and plays an important role in the global carbon cycle (Ciais et al., ; IPCC, ).Permafrost regions store large amounts of SOC, and if the permafrost thaws, parts of this carbon Cited by: Quantifying and Modeling Soil Structure Dynamics emphasizes a systems approach to how soil structure changes in response to inputs and to the environment.

Soil structure is a dynamic, complex system affected by tillage, wheel traffic, roots, soil. Interest in biochar stems from its potential agronomic benefits and carbon sequestration ability. Biochar application alters soil nitrogen (N) dynamics. This review establishes emerging trends and gaps in Cited by: Daycent is a daily time series biogeochemical model used in agroecosystems to simulates fluxes of carbon and nitrogen between the atmosphere, vegetation, and soil.

It is a daily version of the CENTURY biogeochemical model. This paper reports results of a study to test the reliability of the DRAINMOD-FOREST model for predicting water, soil carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) dynamics in intensively managed forests.

The Cited by: history and/or novel approaches to modeling soil carbon and nitrogen dynamics. The model publications are presented in Manzoni and Porporato (), including subsequent publications on the same model Cited by: Mycorrhizal Mediation of Soil: Fertility, Structure, and Carbon Storage offers a better understanding of mycorrhizal mediation that will help inform earth system models and subsequently improve the accuracy of global carbon model predictions.

Mycorrhizas transport tremendous quantities of plant-derived carbon. Short-term Effects of Tillage Practices and Crop Residue Exportation on Soil Organic Matter and Earthworm Communities in Silt Loam Arable Soil 2.

Soil Carbon and Nitrogen Dynamics in a Tropical. titled “A Model of Carbon and Nitrogen Dynamics for Temperate Grasslands and Forests”.

I have examined the final electronic copy of this dissertation for form and content and recommend that it be. Nitrogen and phosphorus control carbon sequestration in agricultural ecosystems: modelling carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus balances at the Breton Plots with ecosys under Author: Robert Grant, Miles Dyck, Dick Puurveen.

Model Modifications [7] We hypothesized that the capacity of a biogeochemistry model for simulating N loadings could be improved if the basic hydrological algorithms were incorporated into the model framework.

The DNDC model was adopted to test this hypothesis. DNDC was originally developed for quantifying carbon Cited by:   Our field work takes place in Canada, Latin America and Africa. We use advanced stable isotope techniques and molecular tools to understand carbon and nitrogen dynamics.

We also use models to predict future changes in soil carbon and nitrogen under various land management. Soil Management and Climate Change: Effects on Organic Carbon, Nitrogen Dynamics, and Greenhouse Gas Emissions provides a state of the art overview of recent findings and future research challenges regarding physical, chemical and biological processes controlling soil carbon, nitrogen.

Such management practices may have undesired impacts including decreased SOC –, soil structure –, soil microbial activities and biodiversity, and soil fertility, and increased soil erosion –.

Reduction in SOC is a major concern since one main motivation of lignocellulose (second generation bioenergy crops) production is to reduce carbon Cited by: 8.

Nitrogen Dynamics for Soil Management. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, pp. DeLonge MS, Ryals R, Silver WL. “A Lifecycle Model to Evaluate Carbon Sequestration Potential and Greenhouse Gas Dynamics .model [Liet al., a,b] to studies of carbon dynamics in agricultural soils.

We report the first test and validation studies of DNDC for soil carbon and a systematic study of the sensitivity of soil carbon to various agricultural practices under varied soil and climate conditions.

Structure of the DNDC ModelCited by:   Carbon dynamics. In light of international agreements such as the Paris Agreement—which emerged from the 21st Conference of the Parties of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC) inand governs greenhouse gas emissions mitigation, adaptation and finance from —the management and monitoring of soil carbon .

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